By Michael Otterman
George W. Bush calls them an "alternative set of procedures": forcing sufferers to face for 40 hours; depriving them of sleep for weeks on finish; and strapping prisoners to prone forums, then flooding their mouths with water. those concepts are torture, and they're felony within the United States.
Michael Otterman finds the lengthy heritage of U.S. torture. He exhibits how those techniques grew to become typical perform in today's conflict on terror. first and foremost, the CIA dependent their options at the strategies in their enemies, the Nazis, Soviets, and chinese language. Billions of greenbacks have been spent learning, refining, then instructing those options to interrogators charged with retaining communism at bay. They produced approach manuals that have been utilized in Vietnam, Latin the USA, and somewhere else. because the chilly conflict ended, those tortures---engineered to go away deep mental wounds yet few actual scars---were legalized utilizing the very legislation that have been designed to eliminate their use. After Sep 11, they have been revived back to be used on enemy fighters detained in America's giant gulag of prisoners around the globe---from mystery CIA black websites in Thailand to the penal complex at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Michael Otterman exhibits that those interrogation equipment violate greater than foreign legislation and primary human rights. They radicalize enemies, undermine credibility, and yield unreliable intelligence. they don't make us extra secure. They make us much less safe.
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Additional info for American Torture: From the Cold War to Abu Ghraib and Beyond
Rather than sink millions of dollars into interrogation research involving illicit drugs, the Pentagon developed physical and psychological techniques ostensibly to enable soldiers to resist communist coercion. In May 1953, a special US Air Force ‘prison camp school’ was opened in the mountains outside Chinhae, South Korea, twenty-two miles west of Pusan. The school was likely the brainchild of the Air Force’s Psychological Warfare Division, a secretive office charged with covert operations. Prominent sociologist Dr Albert Biderman, psychiatrist Dr Robert Jay Lifton, neurologist Dr Lawrence Hinkle Jr and human ecologist Dr Harold Wolff, who also worked with the CIA, were all associated with this top-secret group.
Was admitted to Allen Memorial suffering from anxiety and hypochondria. Blacked-out goggles were placed over her eyes, her ears were covered with earmuffs, and her hands were padded to limit physical sensation. Cameron then placed her in the box for more than a month. According to Cameron, ‘Although the patient was prepared by both prolonged sensory isolation (35 days) and by repeated depatterning, and although she received 101 days of positive driving, no favorable results were obtained’. During his time as Director, Cameron took hundreds of patients to extreme limits of sensory deprivation without their full voluntary consent.
Notably, the agency funded a project at the Addiction Research Center in Lexington, Kentucky. The subjects there were ‘volunteers’ who, after signing a general consent form, were administered high doses of LSD. As a reward for participation, the addicts were provided with any illicit drugs of their choice. One subject was given ‘double, triple, and quadruple doses’ of the drug, while another was kept on LSD for seventy-five days straight. In addition to LSD, agents experimented with a host of other drugs including marijuana, cocaine, PCP, ether, mescaline and heroin.
American Torture: From the Cold War to Abu Ghraib and Beyond by Michael Otterman