By Eugene L. Genikhovich (auth.), Carlos Borrego, Selahattin Incecik (eds.)
Carlos Borrego is Professor of Environmental Engineering and pollution Modeling on the college of Aveiro (Portugal). Former Minister of atmosphere (Portuguese govt) and President of the ecu Union delegation to the United countries convention on atmosphere and improvement (Rio 1992). Chairman of the overseas Technical conferences of NATO/CCMS. Selahattin Incecik is Professor in Meteorology, pollution Meteorology and pollution Modeling. Former Head of division of Meteorology, ITU. consultant of Turkey in NATO ITM of pollution Modelling. consultant of college in nationwide Atmospheric examine Council. Lead writer of IPCC/TEAP Safeguarding the Ozone Layer and international weather approach, 2005 (in preparation).
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Extra info for Air Pollution Modeling and Its Application XVI
Information about the preparation of the input parameters and the meteorological model SAIMM is described in detail in Ritter et al. (2002). In addition to the basic emissions, NH3 and monoterpene emissions were included in this study, in order to calculatethe secondary aerosols. The procedure to obtainNH3 emissions is given by Martilli et al. (2002). The model domain consists of 47x54 grid cells with a resolution of 3km x 3km. It coversthe Lombardy region and some part of Southern Switzerland (Figure 1).
R, - - - - - - - - - - - . - - - - - - · - - - - - - - - - -- -- - - - - - -- -- - - -- - -- -- - - - - •• -- - - .. - III- - • r- 1- • - .. • nf) dt"IJ )00 Figure 2. Areas in Poland for which thecritical level for sot wasadopted. 23 V~ IgS/rn2lat . O . o OO . 00 0 ' 400 Figure 3. Conditional 5% critical loadsof S in Poland calculated for 1999N deposition. 4. EXCEEDANCES OF THE CRITICAL VALUES In order to assess current (1999 data) threatof sulphur species to the environment in Poland the critical values exceedances were calculated.
The peak of the nitrate/sulfate ratio in Verzago is delayed compared to Bresso and coincides with the highest ozonemixing ratioat thissite. 50 There were a few measurements of total organic carbon (TOC) and black carbon (BC) at Bresso and Verzago. The measured TOC may contain both primary (POC) and secondary (SOC) organic carbon while model results refer only to SOC due to lack of emission data. Therefore, a direct comparison of model SOC results with the measured TOC concentrations cannot be done.
Air Pollution Modeling and Its Application XVI by Eugene L. Genikhovich (auth.), Carlos Borrego, Selahattin Incecik (eds.)