By Isamu Nouchi (auth.), Kenji Omasa Ph.D., Hiharu Saji Ph.D., Shohab Youssefian Ph.D., Noriaki Kondo Ph.D. (eds.)

ISBN-10: 4431683887

ISBN-13: 9784431683889

ISBN-10: 4431683909

ISBN-13: 9784431683902

Air pollutants is ubiquitous in industrialized societies, inflicting a bunch of environmental difficulties. it's hence necessary to display screen and decrease toxins degrees. a few plant species already are being exploited as detectors (for phytomonitoring) and as scavengers (for phytoremediation) of air toxins. With advances in biotechnology, it's now possible to change crops for a much broader variety of phytomonitoring and phytoremediation purposes. pollution and Plant Biotechnology provides contemporary leads to this box, together with plant responses in the course of phytomonitoring, pollution-resistant plant species, imaging analysis of plant responses, and using novel transgenic vegetation, besides stories of uncomplicated plant body structure and biochemistry the place applicable. Researchers and scholars operating in plant biotechnology and the environmental sciences or contemplating new parts of research will locate this quantity a useful reference.

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Additional resources for Air Pollution and Plant Biotechnology: Prospects for Phytomonitoring and Phytoremediation

Sample text

Nitrogen oxides, like SOx, are formed mainly as a result of the burning of fossil fuels. Nitric oxide is mainly formed in the heat of combustion from the combination of atmospheric nitrogen and oxygen (N2 + O2 -+ 2NO). There is then a spontaneous, but not necessarily rapid, reaction between NO and oxygen to form nitrogen dioxide (2NO + O2 -+ 2N0 2). Plants absorb gaseous N0 2 more rapidly than NO (Bennett and Hill 1975), because N0 2 reacts rapidly with water while NO is almost insoluble (Malhotra and Khan 1984).

Photosynth Res 43:81-92 Fiscus EL, Reid CD, Miller JE, Heagle AS (1997) Elevated CO2 reduces 0 3 flux and 0 3 induced yield losses in soybeans: possible implications for elevated CO 2 studies. J Exp Bot 48:307-313 Fredrick P, Heath RL (1975) Ozone-induced fatty acid and viability changes in Chiarella. Plant PhysioI55:15-19 Furukawa A (1984) Photosynthesis inhibition of higher plants by various air pollutants. Res Rep Natl Inst Environ Studies Jpn 64:131-139 (in Japanese) Furukawa A, Natori T, Totsuka T (1980) The effect of S02 on net photosynthesis in Responses of Whole Plants to Air Pollutants 33 sunflower leaf.

However, this mechanism fails to explain greater-than-additive effects. Thereafter, from the fact that symptoms of injury caused by the mixtures of S02 and N0 2 often resemble those due to 0 3 alone (Reinert et al. 1975), Wellbum (1990) proposed that damage caused by the mixture is induced by free radicals generated by either S02 and N0 2, similar to that caused by 0 3 alone. Both 0 3 and N0 2 are constituents of photochemical oxidant pollution, but few studies have been made of their combined effects on plants.

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Air Pollution and Plant Biotechnology: Prospects for Phytomonitoring and Phytoremediation by Isamu Nouchi (auth.), Kenji Omasa Ph.D., Hiharu Saji Ph.D., Shohab Youssefian Ph.D., Noriaki Kondo Ph.D. (eds.)

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