By Sarah Holt (auth.)
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Additional info for Aid, Peacebuilding and the Resurgence of War: Buying Time in Sri Lanka
This chapter provides an outline for the kinds of reform needed to ‘address the roots causes’ of the conflict, the main objective of peacebuilding. The purpose of Chapter 3 is to provide an account of the peace process, its strengths and weaknesses when compared to previous attempts to negotiate a settlement, and the role of peacebuilding and economic recovery. It begins with some background to the peace talks, and how the ceasefire agreement of 2002 was reached. The role of the international community is detailed including Norway’s role, the UN, the 16 Aid, Peacebuilding and the Resurgence of War World Bank, the Asian Development Bank and the Co-Chairs of the 2003 Tokyo Donor Conference.
91 More is known now about the different factors that may increase the likelihood of war, and conversely those that might decrease it. 92 This study of war and peace does not represent one particular theoretical approach, in fact quite the opposite, it highlights the complex and multidisciplinary approach necessary for its comprehension. It is important to differentiate between peace and conflict resolution. Peace does not necessarily mean the resolving of conflict; conflict can and does exist in peaceful societies, but the conflict is managed in a non-violent way.
47 Both the UN and the World Bank propose a raft of peacebuilding type measures that involve security issues, economic and governmental reform, and issues of recovery, which might take place before a peace agreement. If, as Walter argues, combatants are unlikely to warrant these transformations without a ‘credible security guarantee’ then there is significant risk in the strategy of embarking on peacebuilding activities without such a guarantee. There are two views on the timing of peacebuilding, one which sees the potential of peacebuilding activities to support the peacemaking process, and another which sees these types of transformative programmes as unlikely to take place in the absence of security guarantees.
Aid, Peacebuilding and the Resurgence of War: Buying Time in Sri Lanka by Sarah Holt (auth.)