By Henriette De Bruyn Kops
This fiscal and social background assesses the influence of the coastal wine and brandy exchange at the early sleek French, Dutch, and Atlantic economies, and highlights the significance of interconnecting own networks of Dutch, Sephardic Jewish, and New Christian retailers.
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Additional info for A spirited exchange: the wine and brandy trade between France and the Dutch Republic in its Atlantic framework, 1600-1650
R. Mousnier, J. P. Labatut, and Y. Durand (Paris: 1965). My gratitude to Timothy LeGoff who graciously sent me a transcription of the Cahier. [my translation] 36 chapter one The ‘Moyens d’Intervention’ of 1645 In the Moyens d’Intervention, the [ French] merchants of Nantes complained to the King and his councilors about Dutch violations of their municipal privileges and other commercial laws, as well as about their inability to compete against the foreigners under conditions of a virtual Dutch monopoly of the wine and brandy export business in the region.
See Collins, “Dutch Traders and Polish Grain at Nantes,” 243. The dearth of notarial evidence of early trade between La Rochelle and Rotterdam mirrors the same lack of material on the connections between Nantes and Rotterdam, which means that categorical statements about conditions in the Àrst two decades of the century are dangerous. 31 GAR, ONA, inv. nr. 98/181/470, 25 August 1629. , Zeeland’s Convoymeester of the VOC. Willem Sybrand Unger, De Oudste Reizen Van De Zeeuwen Naar Oost-Indië 1598–1604, Werken Uitgegeven Door De Linschoten Vereniging, vol.
GAR, ONA, inv. nr. 98/139/367, 4 January and 84/30/1026 of 21 August reveal that a certain Jan Heyndricksz den Touwer was active in Nantes in 1627, but the marriage contract between André Hendrix and Marthe Bayot did not classify the groom as ‘marchand Áamand’ [perhaps because André was born in Nantes]—ADLA 4E2/1461/310, 27 December 1635. 20 chapter one Hendricksz. The use of the utterly common paternal Àrst-name makes it difÀcult to link later merchants—be they Jan Hendricksz or Hendrick Jansz—to this Dutch pioneer.
A spirited exchange: the wine and brandy trade between France and the Dutch Republic in its Atlantic framework, 1600-1650 by Henriette De Bruyn Kops